One by one, they slipped inside the large tent, out of the drizzle. They came from far and near to hear stories, share a meal, play games and enjoy each other’s company.
On Aug. 24, the Young Chippewayan First Nation welcomed Mennonites and Lutherans from Laird and the surrounding area to a gathering of friendship at Stoney Knoll, the fourth gathering of its kind.
“We’ve come together to reassure non-Indigenous people,” said Gary LaPlante on behalf of the Young Chippewayan people. “We’re not here to displace anybody. These are truly friendship gatherings.”
And friendship truly defined the day. As a light rain continued to fall outside the tent, inside people set up lawn chairs around the perimeter and chatted with their neighbours. They exchanged warm greetings with old friends and introduced themselves to newcomers.
LaPlante and Randy Klassen, the coordinator of Mennonite Central Committee Saskatchewan’s Indigenous Neighbours Program, served as emcees, welcoming everyone who had come and introducing the day’s speakers, singers and storytellers.
Hot homemade soups, bannock and Mennonite-style farmer’s sausage warmed participants at midday, and then the games began. Delano Kennedy of Sweetgrass First Nation, near Gallivan, Sask., taught participants a variety of games that Indigenous children and youth used to play. Games using string, rope or pocket knives were played to develop dexterity and strength, and simply to have fun.
Hand games continue to be popular in many Indigenous communities. In a guessing game, one player holds two small “bones” in closed fists. One “bone” is striped and the other is plain. A guesser on the opposing team tries to guess in which hand the hider is holding the plain bone. If successful, the guesser’s team gets one of 12 sticks as a point. If unsuccessful, the hider’s team gets a stick. The first team to get all 12 sticks is the winner.
Three groups of players, taught by Donavan Arcand, Kirkland Weenie and Kim Weenie, tried their hand at hand games, with both confusion and laughter ensuing.
Outside the rain ended and, to close the day’s activities, Chief Sylvia Weenie led participants in a friendship dance.
Gatherings like this one have taken place at Stoney Knoll every five years since 2006. The first year, representatives of each of the three groups—the Young Chippewayan, the Mennonites and the Lutherans—signed a memorandum of understanding, stating that they would continue to work together to redress the wrongs of the past.
Stoney Knoll is a gentle rise of land several kilometres east of the North Saskatchewan River and about 70 kilometres north of Saskatoon, not far from the village of Laird. It was once part of Reserve 107, granted to the Young Chippewayan people following the signing of Treaty Six in 1867. In the years that followed, the Young Chippewayan people faced starvation, so they left their reserve in search of food. The Canadian government subsequently sold the land to Mennonite and Lutheran settlers without consulting the Young Chippewayan people.
Stoney Knoll was also once the site of St. John’s Lutheran Church. Although the congregation eventually moved its church building to Laird, it retains title to the land and maintains its church cemetery there.
“I’ve had people asking me for permission to be here,” said St. John’s pastor, Jason Johnson. “That doesn’t sit right with me. I never ask my children for permission [to visit], I just go see them.”
In 1976, following the centennial of the signing of Treaty Six, Young Chippewayan descendants visited the Laird community to talk with the farmers about their claim to the land. The encounters resulted in fear and anxiety on the part of Mennonite and Lutheran farmers, and frustration on the part of the Young Chippewayan people.
Thirty years later, Young Chippewayan Chief Ben Weenie approached the Mennonites and Lutherans to discuss the possibility of having a party at Stoney Knoll. He and LaPlante assured farmers that they didn’t want to take the land away from them. This was to be a gathering for building friendship and trust between the two groups.
When Ben Weenie died in 2016, his wife Sylvia became chief. She and her children carry on his vision of friendship.
“When we mix two nations, it’s important to remember to come from a place of love,” said daughter Kim Weenie. She spoke of how her father responded to conflict. “Dad always shook hands and walked away with a smile,” she said, adding that those who attended the first Stoney Knoll gathering in 2006 had come together from a place of love. “That was before the [Truth and Reconciliation Commission], before reconciliation became a common word,” she said. “I’m grateful we’re still here, still laughing together. Dad lives on in everybody here.”
Wilmer Froese, who farms nearby, responded to Kim’s words. “Your dad’s love is what made this possible,” he said.
Do you have a story idea about Mennonites in Saskatchewan? Send it to Donna Schulz at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Donavan Arcand, kneeling centre, teaches participants how to play Indigenous hand games. (Photo by Donna Schulz)
Chief Sylvia Weenie speaks at a friendship gathering hosted by the Young Chippewayan people at Stoney Knoll recently. (Photo by Donna Schulz)